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Glossary

GREENS          
 
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Amaranth Leaves Chaulai Sag Dantina Soppu Cheera Keerai Thotta Koora
Amaranth Spined Leaves Kantewali Chaulai Mulla Dhantu Mulla Cheera Mulla Keerai Mulla thotta Koora
Agathi Leaves Agasti Agase Agathi Agathi Keerai Avise
Coriander/Cilantro leaves Hara Dhaniya Kothumbari Soppu KothaMalli ila Kothamalli Elai Kothimeera/Kustumburu
Curry leaves Kari Patha Karibevina Soppu/ Karibevu Kari Vepla Karuvepu Elai Karivepaku
Drumstick Leaves Muranka Bhaji Nuggekayi Soppu Muringakaya Ela Murunga Elai Munnakaya Koora
Fenugreek Leaves Hara Methi/Methi Sag Menthyia Soopu Uluva Ela Vendaya Keerai Menthu kura
Spearmint Leaves Pudina Patha Merugu/ Pudina Soppu Pudinela Pudhina Elai Miriyala dravakam/Oka chettu/ Pudina   Koora
Spinach Palak Palak Soppu/Basala cheera Cheerapoleyulla oru tharam ilakk Pasala Keerai Pala Koora
Sorrel leaves Pitwa Pandi Soppu Gongura Ela Pulicha Keerai Gongura
Chinese Spinach Bachalikura
Basil Leaf Tulsi ka patha Tulsi Yelai Shiva Tulasi Thulasi Thulasi Akulu/Chettu
Lettuce Salad ke Pathe Lettuce Soppu Uvarcheera Lettuce Keerai Lettuce Koora
Parsley Ajmood ka Patha Kothambari Jothiya Soppu Mallieila Pole Kothamalu Ilaigal Pole Kothimeera Jati Koora
 
SPICES  
 
Alum Pitakari Spatika Padikakkaram Padigaaram  
Black Cardamom Badi Elachi Dodda/Kappu Elakki karuthu Elakka Karupu elakai  
Black Pepper / Pepper Corn Kali Mirch Menasina Kalu Kurumalagu Milagu Miriyalu
Black Salt Kala Namak Saindvya Lavana karutthuppu Karu Uppu  
Black Stone Flower Pattar ke phool / Dagad Kallu Huvu/Kalahu Celeyam, kalppuvu/ Badal poove Kalpasi Rathi puvvulu
Broken Wheat / Couscous Lapsi Godhi Kadi/Kuttida Godhi Godhambu Rava/Gothumbu Ari Godhumai Rawa/Godhumai Danchina
Bay Leaf Tej Patha Patre Karuvela Talishapattri/Brinji ela Pattaakulu
Caraway Seeds / Black Cu Shahi Jeera/ Shajeera Shime Jeerige Karinjirakam Karupu jeeragum  
Cardamom Elachi Elakki Elakka Elakai Elaichi / Yaalakkaya
Carom Seeds / Thyme / Or Ajwain Oma/ Oma Kalu Vaum/ Ayamodhakam Omam Vaumu
Cinnamon Dalchini Chakke Patta/Karuvapattai Pattai/ Lavangapattai Dalchina chekka or Dalchini
Cloves Laung Lavanga Kariampo/ Karayaamboovu Lavangum/ Krambu Lavangammu
Coriander Seeds Dhaniya Kottumbari Beeja Malli Thaniya/Malli vidhai Dhaniyalu
Cumin Seeds Jeera / Zeera Jeerige Jeerakam jeeragum Jeelakarra
Dill Seeds Sowa / Suva Sabbasige Beeja chadhakuppa sada kuppi  
Dry Ginger Sondh Vana Shunti chukku chukku Sonti
Fennel Seeds/Aniseeds Badi Saunf Bedesoppina Beeja/Badesepi Perumjeerakam perunjeerakam/Sombu Peddajeelakarra or Sopu
Fenugreek Seeds Methi Dana Menthe Beeja uluva vendhayam Menthulu
Flax Seeds Alsi Flax Seeds Muthira ali virai  
Garcinia Indica Kokum Murinodu Kodappuli Murgal  
Garlic Lasan Bellulli Velathulli Poondu Velluli payulu/Ullipayilu
Ginger Adrak Shunti Inchi Engi Allam
Honey Shahad / Madhu Jenu Tuppa Thene Thenu  
Jaggery Gur Bella Sarkkara/Vellam Vellam Bellamu
Kapok Buds Shalmali / Semul Marathi Moggu Celeyam Ilavu  
Mace Javitri/Kathal Japatre/Jathi Phala Gadha/Jathipoo Jathibathri/ Jathipoo Jajipuvvulu
Mustard Seeds Rai / Sarson Sasive Kaalu Kaduku Kadagu Avalu
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jakaya Jathikka Jathikai Jaikaaya/Jajikai
Olives Jaitun Olives Oli Olives  
Onion Seeds / Nigella Kalaunji Nirulli / Erulli Beeja Ulliyude Vithu Vengaya Vedhai  
Pomegranate Seeds Anardana Dalimbe Beeja Madala Naranga Kuru Madhulai Vidhai Daanima Ginjalu
Poppy Seeds Khus-Khus Gase Gase Kas Kas Kasa Kasa Gasa Gasalu
Red Chilli- Dry Lal Mirch Kempu Menasina Kai Chugana Mulagu/Unakka mulaku Sigapu Milagai/Kaintha Mila Yendu mirapakayalu/Mirapakayalu
Rock Candy Mishri Kallu Sakkare Kalkandam Sarkarai Katti  
Saffron Zafraan/Kesar Kungumadha huvu Kungumapoovu, kadutha manja c Kunguma Poo Kumkuma puvvu
Salt Namak Uppu Uppu Uppu  
Sesame Seeds Til Ellu Chitelu/ Ellu Ellu Nuvvulu
Star Anise Badayan / Chakri Phool Pineapple Moggu/ Lakko So Thakolam Magambhu/Natchatira jeera Anaspuvu
Sugar Shakkar / Chini Sakkare Panjasara Sakkarai Chakara
Tamarind Imli Hunasehannu/Huli Puli Puli Chinthapandu/Chinthakaya
Yeast Khameer Yeast Yeast Yeast  
 
MASALA POWDERS  
 
Asafoetida / Asafetida Hing Ingu Kaayam Peringaayam Inguva
Baking Powder Baking Powder Baking Powder Baking Powder Baking powder  
Biryani / Palav Masala Pow Biryani / Palav Masala Biryani / Palav Masala Pudi Biryani / Palav Masala powder Biryani / Palav Masala Podi  
Channa Masala Powder Channa Masala Channa Masala Channa Masala powder Mukku Kadlai Masala Podi  
Chat Masala Powder Chat Masala Powder Chat Masala Pudi Chat Masala Powder Chat Masala Podi  
China Salt / Tasting Salt Ajinomoto Ajinomoto Tasting Salt Ajinomoto  
Chutney Powder/Gun Powd Chutney Powder Chutney Pudi Shabdkosh Chutney Podi  
Citric Acid Nimbo Phool Citric Acid Citric Acid Ellumichai Saaru  
Cooking / Baking Soda Cooking / Baking Soda Soda Pudi Baking Soda Baking Soda  
Coriander Powder Dhaniya Powder Kottambari Beejada Pudi Malli Podi Kothamalli Podi  
Cumin Seed Powder Jeera Powder Jeerige Pudi Jeerakam Podi Jeeraga Podi  
Curry Powder Sabzi / Sabji Powder Palyada Pudi Curry Powder Kuzhambu Podi  
Dried Fenugreek Leaves Kasoori Methi Onagida Menthe Soppu Uluva Ela Vendyam Keerai  
Dry Mango Powder Amchur Onagida Mavina Pudi Unaka Maanga Podi Maangai Thool Mamidikaya Podi
Garam Masala Powder Garam Masala Garam Masala Garam Masala Garam Masala Podi  
Ginger Powder Adrak Powder Shunti Pudi Inji PoddI Engi Podi  
Kitchen King Masala Powd Kitchen King Masala Kitchen King Masala Kitchen King Masala Kitchen King Masala Podi  
Paprika / Red Chilli Powder Lal Mirch Kharada Pudi Mulagu Podi Sigapu Melega Podi  
Pav Bhaji Masala Powder Pav Bhaji Masala Pav Bhaji Masala Pudi Pav Bhaji Masala Powder Pav Bhaji Masala Podi  
Pepper Powder Kali Mirch Kalu Menasina Pudi Kurumalag Podi Kurumelagu Podi  
Rasam Powder Rasam Powder Sarina Pudi Rasam podi Rasapodi  
Sambar Powder Sambar Powder Sambar / Huli Pudi Sambar Podi Sambar Masala Podi  
Tea Masala Powder Chai Masala Chaha Masala Pudi Masala Chaya Podi Theaielai Masala Podi  
Turmeric Powder Haldi Arashina Manjal Podi Manjal Podi Pasupu
White Pepper Powder Safed Mirch Powder Bili Kalu Menasina Pudi Veluthu Kurumalag Podi Vellai Kurumelagu Podi  
 
NUTS/DRY FRUITS
 
Almond Badam Badami Badam Badam Badam
Apricot Jardalu Apricot Mutta pazam Apricot  
Cashew Nuts Kaju Godambi Kasuandy Mundhiri Paupu Jeedi pappu
Dates Kajoor Karjura Endhapazham Echai Pazham Khajoora Pandu
Dried Pumpkin / Water Mel Magaz Kallangadi Beeja Thannimathan Kuru  
Dry Coconut Kopra Kobbari Kopra Koprai  
Fig Anjeer / Anjir Anjoor Atti Pazham Atthi  
Gooseberry Indian (Emblica Amla Nellikai Nellika Nellikai  
Groundnut / Peanut Moongphali Shenga /Kadalebeeja Kapalandi verkadlai Veru senagapappu
Pistachio Nuts Pista Pista   Pista  
Raisins Kishmish Drakshi Unakka Munthiri Dhrachai Yendu dhraksha
Walnuts Akroot Akruta Akhroot Akhroot akhroot
 
DAIRY PRODUCTS  
 
Butter Makhan Benne Venna Vennai Venna
Butter Milk Lassi Majjige Mooru Mooru Majjiga
Clarified Butter Ghee Tuppa Neyi Neyi Neyyi
Coconut Milk Nariyal ka Doodh Tenginakai Haalu Thenga Paal Thenga Paal  
Condensed Milk / Milkmaid Milk Maid  
Cottage Cheese Paneer Paneer Paalkkatti Paneer  
Cream Malai Kene Paalpaada Koozh  
Dried Whole Milk/Milk Soild Khoa, Mava, Khoya Khova Khoya Khoya Khoya
Milk Doodh Halu Paal Paal  
Yoghurt / Curd Dahi Mosaru Thair Thaiyiru Perugu
 
GRAINS & LENTILS  
 
Barley Jaun Barley Barley Barley  
Bengal Gram Channa Kadale Kadala Kadalai Senaga pappu
Split Bengal Gram Channa Dal Kadale Bele Kadala Parippu Kadalai paruppu  
Black Eyed Pea Chola or Lobia Alasande Kalu Payar Vellai Karamani  
Chick pea / Garbanzo bean Kabuli Channa Channa Kalu kadla Kondai Kadalai Senagalu
Finger Millet Madua/Mangal Ragi Ragi Kelvaragu/Aariyam Ragi
Long Grain Rice Basmati Rice Basumathi Akki Velaya ari Basmathi Arsi  
Maize / Corn Maki/Makkai Jola / Gonjola Cholam Cholam Bataneelu
Millet Bajra Sajje Kamboo Cambu  
Mung Beans Moong Dal Hesaru Bele Cheru payar/Payathamparupu Cheru parupu Pesara pappu
Peas Matar Batani/Vatani pattanipayar Pattani Vatana
Pigeon Pea Toor Dal Togari Bele Thuvaraparippu Tuvaram Parapu Kandhi pappu
Red Kidney Beans Rajma Dal Rajama Kalu Rajma Karamani Payir Biyyamu
Red Lenthils Masoor Dal Kempu Togari Bele Mysoor paruppu Mysore Paruppu Atukulu
Rice Chawal Akki Ari Arsi  
Rice Flattened Flakes / Be Poha / Chewara Avalakki Avalu Aval Attugulu
Rice Puffed Murmura Mandakki / Kallepuri Pori Pori Saggubiyyam
Roasted Gram Dalya/Buna channa Hurigadale / Putani Pottukadala Udachakadalai,Pottu Kadala Putnala pappulu
Sago/Tapioca Pearls Sabudana Sabakki Chowwary Savarissi Saggubiyyam
Semolina Sooji Rawa / Rave Rava Rawai Bombai Rawa
Small Grain Rice (Jeera Ric Zeera Rice Jeera Akki Jeerakam Ari  
Split Black Bean (Gram) / Urad Dal Uddina Bele Uzhunnu Parippu Ulunthamparuppu Mina Pappu
Vermicelli Seviyan Shavige Semiya Semiya Semiya
Wheat Gehoon Goodhi Goudham Godhambu Godumalu
Whole Green Lenthils/ Gree Moong ki Hari Dal Hesaru Kalu Cherupayar Parippu Sirupayar/Payathamparupu Pesara Pappu
 
FLOURS  
 
All Purpose Flour / Refined Maida Maida Hittu Maida Maavu Maida Maavu Maida Pindi
Bengal Gram Flour Besan Kadale Hittu Kadla maavu Kadlai Maavu Senaga Pindi
Corn Flour / Maize Flour Maki ka Atta Gonjolada Hittu/Musukilajola Cholam Maavu Makka Chola Mavu Mokka Jonna Pindi
Rice Flour Chawal ka Atta Akki Hittu Pacha Ari Maavu Arsi Podi Biya Pindi
Wheat / Whole Wheat Flour Gehoon Atta Goodhi Hittu Gothambu Maavu Godhambu Maavu Goduma Pindi
 
FRUITS  
 
Apple Seb Sebu Hannu Apple Apple  
Asian Pear Nashpati Mara Sebu kappa Perakai  
Avacado / Butter fruit Makhan Phal Butter fruit/Benne Hannu Avocado  
Banana Kela Bale Hannu Ethakka Vazhai Pazham Arati pandu
Custard Apple Sithaphal Sithaphala Seethapazham Sitha Pazham  
Fig Anjeer Shabdkosh Atthi Pazham  
Guava Amrood Sibekai / Sibe hannu / Perale Perkaya Goiyakai Jaama Pandu
Grapes Angoor Drakshi Munthiringa Dratchai Dhraksha pallu
Jackfruit Kathal Halasina Hannu Chakka Pala Pazham Panasapattu
Jamoon Jambal Fruit Nerale Hannu njaval pazaham Naga Pazham  
Kiwi Kiwi Hannu ambazhanga Kivipparavai  
Lime / Lemon Nimbu Limbe/Nimbe Hannu Cherunaranga Yelimichai Nimma pandu
Mango Aam Mavina Hannu Manga Mambazham Mamidi pandu
Orange Santra Kittale Hannu Madhura Narangya Kichilipazham Kamala Pandu
Pappaya Papita Pappayi Hannu pappa kaya Pappali Pazham  
Pineapple Ananas Ananas Kaithachakka Annasipazham Anaasa pandu
Pomegranate Anar Dalimbe Hannu madhalanarankya Madulam  
Sapota / Sapodilla Plum Chickoo Chikku Hannu Sapota Sapota  
Strawberry Strawberry Strawberry Strawberry Strawberry  
Sweet Lime Musambi Musambi Musambi Sathukudi  
Muskmelon Karabooja Karabooja Hannu thaikumbalam Kirni Pazham  
Water Melon Tarbooj Kallangadi Hannu Thannimathan Dharboozni  
Wood Apple, Bael, Stone A Bel Belada Hannu  
 
VEGETABLES  
 
Ash gourd Petha Boodha Kumbalakai/Boodh Kumbala Kumblanga Poosni kai Boodia Gummadi
Baby Corn Chota Makai Ele Jola Cholam Baby Corn  
Beetroot Chacundar Beetroot Beetroot Senkizhangu  
Bell Pepper / Capsicum Shimla Mirch Dappa / Donna Menasinakai Capsicum Kudai Milagaai Bengulooru Mirapakaya
Bread Fruit   Divi Halasu/ Deegujje Kada Chakka/Cheema Chakka Curry Chakkai/ Pilaakkaai/ Kottai Palaakkaai Koora Panasa pandu/ Panasakai
Bitter Gourd Karela Hagalakai Pavakka Pavakai Kakarkaya
Bottle Gourd Doodhi/Kaddu/Lauki Sorekai Churaka/Cheraikai Suraikai Anapakaya  /Sorakaya
Cabbage Patta Gobi/Bandh Gobi Cabbage Muttakose Muttai Gose Cabbage / Gobi
Carrot Gajar Gajjari Carrot Sivappu Mulanki Carrot
Cauliflower Phool Gobi Huvu kosu Cauliflower Pookosu Gobi puvvu /Cauliflower
Chayote Squash Seemebadanekai Sheema Katrikaa Podalangai  
Chinese Okra / Ridge Gour Turai Hirekai Peechinga Peerkankai Beerakaya
Cluster Beans Gowaar Phali Gorikaayi Kothavarakka Kothavarangai Usili Goru chikkudu
Coconut Kopra Tenginakai Thenga/ Nalikeram Thengai Kobbari Kaya
Cucumber Kakdi/Kheera Sowtekai Velarikya Vellairiki Dosakaya
Drumstick Seeng / Muranka/Sahja Nuggekai Murjankaya Murungakai Mulakada
Egg Plant / Brinjal Baingan Badanekai Vazhuthininga Kathirikai Vankaya
Elephant Yam Suran/ Zami Kand Suvarnagadde Chena Senai kizhangu Kanda gadda
Gherkins/Ivy Gourd Tondli / Kunthroo Tondekai Koval Kovakkai Dondakaya
Green Beans Flas Beans/ Parasbeen Huralikai / Beans  
Green Chilli Hari Mirch Hasi Menasina Kai Pacha Malagu Pachai Melagai Pachchi Maripakayalu
Khamealu Chuorialu   Perumvalli Kachil  
Long Beans/Asparagus Be Vali, Eeril Alasande Achinga Payru/Pacha Payru Paithang Kai Ara Chintakayalu
Lilva Beans Sem AvareKaayi Avarekal  
Lima Beans   Chapparada avare kaaye Amarapayar Mocha paruppu Anamulu
Mushrooms Goochi/Kumbh Anabe Koon Kalan Putta Godugu
Okra / Ladies Finger Bhindi Bendekai Vendakka Vendakkai Bendakaya
Onion Kanda/ Pyaaz Nirulli / Erulli / Ullagadde Ulli Vengaya Ullipayalu / Yerra gaddalu
Plantain Kachcha Karela Balekai koompu Vellaikai  
Potato Aloo Aloogadde / Batate Urulakkizhangu Urulai kizhangu Alu gadda / Bangalu Dumpa
Pumpkin Kadhu Seehe Kumbalakai Mathanga Wattakai Gummadi Kaya
Radish Mooli Mulangi Mulangi Mullangi Mullangi
Raw Banana Kaccha Kela Balle Kayee Vazhakai Vazhakai Aratikaya
Snake Gourd/Pointed Gour Chichinda Patlakai/Padavalakai Padavalanga Pudalankaai Potlakaya
Sugarcane Ganne Kabbu Karimpu  
Sweet Potato Shakarkand Seehe Genasu Mathura Kizhangu Sakkaravalli kizhangu Silakkada Dumpa
Tapioca Simla Aloo Genasu maracheeni/ Maravalli Kizhangu Kappakezhangu Karra Pendalam
Taro root/Colocasia Arvi/Arbi Sama Gadde Chembu Seppan Kizhangu Chema Dumpa
Tomato Tamatar Tomato/Takalli Thakkali Thakkali RamaMulaga (Pandu/Kaya)
Turnip Shalgam Navilkosu madhuramullanki  
 
OILS  
Coconut Oil Kopre ka Tel Tengina Enne vellechenna Thenga ennai  
Dalda / Vanaspati / Margari Dalda Vanaspati Dalda Vanaspati  
Groundnut / Peanut Oil Mungphali ka Tel Shenga Enne Nallenna Kadalai ennai  
Olive Oil Olive Enna  
Rice Bran Oil Kalady Rice  
Salad Oil salad oil  
Sesame Oil Til ka Tel Ellu Enne Yellunde oil Ellennai  
Sunflower Oil Sooraj-mukhi ka Tel Suryakanthi Enne sunflower oil  
Mustard Oil Sarson ka tel Saasive Enne Kedugenna Kadagu Ennai Avanune
 
SAUCES & CHUTNEYS  
 
Ginger + Garlic Paste Adrak – Lehsun ka Chut Shunti – Bellulli Chutney inji-velaguthulli paste Engi-Poondu Vizudhu  
Green Chilli Sauce Hara Mirch Chutney Hasimenasina Sauce / Chutn pacha malag sauce Pachai Milagai Chaar  
Mayonnaise  
Mint Chutney Pudina Chutney Pudina Chutney Pudina Chutney Pudhina Chutney  
Red Chilli Sauce Lal Mirch Chutney Kempumenasina Sauce / Ch chilli sauce Sigapu Milagai Chaar  
Soya Sauce Bhatma Sauce Soya Sauce Soya Sauce Soya Sauce  
Tamrind Chutney Imli ka Chutney Hunasehannina Chutney pulliude chutney Puli Chutney  
Tomato Ketchup Tomato Ketchup  
Tomato Sauce Tamatar Ke Chutney Tomato Sauce thankali sauce Thakkali Chaar  
Vinegar Sirka Vinegar Vinagiri/ Surkra Pilikaadi  
Worchester Sauce    
 
Volume Equivalent to Milli Liter (ML)  
 
Milli Liters Cups Tbsp / tsp  
250 ml 1 Cup  
125 ml 1/2 Cup  
80 ml 1/3 Cup  
60 ml 1/4 Cup  
30 ml 1/8 Cup  
15 ml 1 Tbsp  
5 ml 1 tsp  
2.5 ml 1/2 tsp  
1.25 ml 1/4 tsp  
 
1 Cup is 8 fluid Ounce  
( being that both the fluids are same weight)  
1 tsp = 5ml  
3tsp = 1 Tbsp  
1 Tbsp = 15 ml  
1oz = 30ml  
2Tbsp = 1oz  

For more details on the names check here.

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